Tokens

Flow Tokens allow users to pass information between different Flow cards when creating their Flows.

Tokens are typed variables that can be used throughout a Flow. A token is either:

  • Local — Attached to a Flow's trigger card, for example the name of the user that came home.

  • Global — Available anywhere, for example the current time.

Both tokens can be used in a Flow card's argument, such as a textfield.

In the User Interface, tokens are called Tags.

Local Tokens

When triggering a Flow, some information might be useful to use in that Flow. For example, when it starts raining, the mm/hour could be a token.

Tokens have a pre-defined type, which can be either string, number, boolean or image.

Users can use Flow Tokens in compatible Flow Arguments, such as a text field for string tokens. This way, the user can make advanced flows with variables. To add tokens to a Flow card, just add a property tokens to your Flow card manifest.

A Flow card can also have adroptoken field, droptokens are Flow Arguments that require the input to be a token. You can read more about droptokens in the Flow Arguments documentation.

/.homeycompose/flow/triggers/rain_start.json
{
"title": { "en": "It starts raining" },
"tokens": [
{
"name": "mm_per_hour",
"type": "number",
"title": { "en": "mm/h" },
"example": 5
},
{
"name": "city",
"type": "string",
"title": { "en": "City" },
"example": { "en": "Amsterdam" }
}
]
}

And when firing your trigger, add them as second argument:

/app.js
const Homey = require('homey');
const RainApi = require('rain-api');
class App extends Homey.App {
async onInit() {
const rainStartTrigger = this.homey.flow.getTriggerCard("rain_start");
RainApi.on('raining', (city, amount) => {
const tokens = {
mm_per_hour: amount,
city: city
};
rainStartTrigger.trigger(tokens)
.then(this.log)
.catch(this.error);
});
}
}
module.exports = App;

Global Tokens

A token can also be registered globally, so they can be used in any Flow. This means the token can be used without requiring the app to trigger the Flow. For example a weather app could expose the current temperature as a global token.

By default a device's capability are registered as global tokens.

/app.js
const Homey = require('homey');
class App extends Homey.App {
async onInit() {
const myToken = await this.homey.flow.createToken("my_token", {
type: "number",
title: "My Token",
});
await myToken.setValue(23.5);
}
}
module.exports = App;

Image Tokens

Certain applications might want to share images between Flows, e.g. a webcam that made a snapshot, or a Chromecast that wants to cast an image. A token with type image can be used here.

/app.js
const Homey = require('homey');
class App extends Homey.App {
async onInit() {
const myImage = await this.homey.images.createImage();
myImage.setPath(path.join(__dirname, "assets", "images", "kitten.jpg"));
// create a token & register it
const myImageToken = await this.homey.flow.createToken("my_token", {
type: "image",
title: "My Image Token",
});
await myImageToken.setValue(myImage);
// listen for a Flow action
const myActionCard = this.homey.flow.getActionCard("image_action");
myActionCard.registerRunListener(async (args, state) => {
// get the contents of the image
const imageStream = await args.droptoken.getStream();
this.log(`saving ${imageStream.contentType} to: ${imageStream.filename}`);
// save the image
const targetFile = fs.createWriteStream(
path.join(__dirname, "userdata", filename)
);
imageStream.pipe(targetFile);
return true;
});
const myTriggerCard = this.homey.flow.getTriggerCard("image_trigger");
// pass the image to the trigger call
await myTriggerCard.trigger({ my_image: myImage });
}
}
module.exports = App;